Land Utilization in Pakistan

Land Utilization in Pakistan

Pakistan is located in the South Asian region of the world. It is known to be an agricultural country having a total covered area of 796096 sq. kms. Pakistan has multipurpose land ranging from rocky mountainous regions to plain desert. The famous K2 and 650 miles of coastline are a part of this country. It has a rich diversified culture of five provinces. Sindh famous for the shrines of Sufis and Saints has a total area of 140914 sq. kms where 48.1 % is the agricultural land while 7.3% is forest area Balochistan is the biggest province having a total area of 347190 sq. kms where 23.4%is the agricultural land while 4.9% denotes forest area; Punjab embedding five rivers has a total area of 206345 sq. kms where more than 70% is the agricultural land while 2.4% is covered by forest; Khyber Pakhtunkhwa located in the northern and hilly side has a total area of 101700 sq. kmswhere forest covers 12.9% of the total area while 44% is agricultural land, and area of 27220 sq. kmsis for FATA Region.
Pakistan is rapidly growing from an urbanized state to a modern rural state as the people are more willing to move to big cities in search of better employment facilities and higher standard of living. The urban population is therefore expected to rise by another 70- 80 million by 2030. Karachi and Lahore will be among the world’s leading mega cities. Presently, there are about 50,000 villages in the state with populations below 10,000; around 448 small towns with population less than 100,000; 40 medium size towns with population above 100,000; 7 metropolitan cities which include Faisalabad, Multan, Gujranwala, Hyderabad, Peshawar, Rawalpindi and Quetta with population in excess of I million; and the two mega cities (Karachi and Lahore).
The Average Prices of plots have been on a rise in Lahore and Karachi while Islamabad shows stability in property. The top five localities for Plots and Homes in Lahore have been Bahria Town, DHA, Johar Town, Iqbal Town, Askari and Lake City. While for Karachi the rising localities have been DHA, Gulistan e Johar, North Nazimabad, North Karachi, Gulshan e Iqbal, Gadap Town and Scheme 33 respectively. Best localities for Islamabad have been DHA, Bahria, Gulberg, FECHS, Sector B-17 G-13 G-11 and E-11.
On the whole there are not any proper urban and rural development authorities who observe proper planning principles and guidelines. This has resulted in an uncoordinated planning throughout Pakistan. There is a dire need to introduce a comprehensive town planning act that will provide planners, politicians, and administrators a tool to monitor development systematically at local and regional levels. It will refurbish transportation network, parks, public utilities and civic buildings. Other than its social impact, economic benefits in the country will also be seen as it will allow developing industries at local and regional level in a proper planning process.

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